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What is Hemp Oil Extract (CBD)?

What is Hemp Oil Extract (CBD)?

Get educated on hemp oil extract (CBD) and the differences between hemp oil extract, hemp seed oil and marijuana.  We’ll describe what the terms “full spectrum”, “broad spectrum” and “isolate” mean and what is meant by “terpene” and “cannabinoid”.


Hemp Oil vs. Hemp Seed Oil vs. Marijuana

Hemp Oil is derived specifically from the leaves, flowers and stalks of the Cannabis Sativa plant and famously contains CBD.  CBD stands for “Cannabidiol” and is one of the many cannabinoids in Hemp Oil. Hemp Seed Oil or “Cannabis Sativa Seed Oil” comes from the seeds of the plant and does NOT contain CBD.  (Note: Amazon does not permit the sale of hemp oil/CBD, but does sell hemp seed oil).


Cannabis (also called Marijuana) and Hemp are two varieties of the same plant species, Cannabis Sativa.  Hemp is the variety that has been bred to have very low levels of THC (must be 0.3% or less to be legal).  When producing hemp extract/CBD, there are three variations that emerge depending on what is done with the elements beyond CBD:


Three types of Hemp Extract:

  1. Full spectrum - everything including the THC.  Sometimes called “whole plant”.
  2. Broad spectrum - everything except the THC. Mama’s Farmacy products are broad spectrum.
  3. Isolate - only the CBD.  CBD molecules are isolated without other parts of the plant.

While CBD on its own offers many benefits, researchers theorize that broad spectrum extracts make CBD more available to the body and that when phytocannabinoids and terpenes are combined the result is greater than any single compound in isolation, a phenomenon they describe as the “Entourage Effect.”


What are terpenes?  Terpenes are organic compounds that provide aroma and flavor in cannabis and a variety of other organisms, including plants. Terpenes are the primary components of essential oils — aromatics responsible for a plant’s regeneration, oxygenation, and immunity defense. The pine you smell when walking through a forest is a result of terpenes.


What are cannabinoids?  A chemical compound found in cannabis and produced by the human body that interacts with our bodies’ receptors. Endocannabinoids, or internally produced cannabinoids, are an essential component of our bodies’ endocannabinoid system (ECS), which is largely responsible for maintaining internal balance. Phytocannabinoids, or cannabinoids produced by the cannabis plant, mimic the functions of our endocannabinoids.  CBD is the second-most-abundant cannabinoid found in the cannabis plant, second to THC.


To learn more check out this resource made available by WeedMaps.

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